|"Incunabula" is the special name given to European books printed from movable type before 1 January 1501 that is, before the end of Gutenberg's own century. The name comes from the ancient Latin word for "baby clothes" or the medieval Latin one for "things of the cradle" and is often Englished as "incunables." The printing centers of the New World had their own similarly revered infancy periods, of course, starting for example in 1539 for Mexico, 1639 for what is now the U.S., 1660 for Guatemala, and 1766 for Argentina. By extension, American imprints of these periods are sometimes called " New World Incunables" and they occasionally appear below among their elder, European brothers and sisters.|
The Summa, completed shortly before his death, is divided into four parts: the first is concerned with the soul and its faculties, passions, sin, and law; the second addresses different types of sin and redress; the third considers various states and professions in life, with treatises on ecclesiastical offices and censures; and the fourth contemplates the cardinal virtues, religious morals, and gifts of the Holy Spirit. Although the text draws heavily on earlier theological works by St. Thomas Aquinas, among others, it is regarded as“a new and very considerable development in moral theology” (NCE online), and it containsa wealth of matter for the student of 15th-century history.
Printed in Gothic type, double-column format, with most capitals supplied in red or blue manuscript in plain style, the text here has red markings to aid in reading and navigation. Topics addressed in these volumes include sin, penance, canon law, will, original sin, privilege, lying, pride, avarice, anger, and infidelity, among several others.
Goff and ISTC find only one complete set of all volumes in American libraries — at the Countway in Boston. All other U.S. libraries, save the Newberry, report owning one or two of the volumes. The Newberry has volumes I–IV.
Provenance: Old illegible European library stamp in lower margin of first leaf of vol. I; in 20th and early 21st century in the library of the Pacific School of Religion (properly deaccessioned).
ISTC ia00878000; Goff A878; BMC, I, 109; GKW 2192. Contemporary calf over bevelled wood boards, recently rebacked and new endpapers supplied; lacks a blank and a title leaf. Leather of boards elaborately and richly tooled in blind using rolls, rules, and individual stamps of a rose, a fleur de lis, and a saint; small area of leather on front board missing and substitute leather inserted. Evidence of bass and leather clasps, remnants of vellum guide tabs. Text and boards of binding wormed, mostly with many pinhole wormholes, and text with some meandering; no great losses. Some small tears in a few margins and one lower margin with an old repair; stamp as above; browning to many margins. A good, solid volume, one with some condition issues but at the same time a good example of these productions and the era's printing. (33734)
Goff A1246; Hain-Copinger 2068*; GKW 2890; BMC, III, p. 695 (IB. 14206); ISTC ia01246000; Printing & the Mind of Man 3 (for the first edition, 1467). Late 19th- or early 20th-century half brown leather with tan paper paper sides and endpapers; binding lightly worn and covers with a bit of loss to paper. Fore- and part of upper margins of the first eight leaves damaged with loss and repaired many years ago. Some soiling to the text, chiefly in the margins; old waterstaining; pin-hole worming. Not a rare edition of this text but a nice copy of it withconsiderable added scholarly importance . (40533)
Provenance: Ownership inscription in the top margin of leaf [pi]2r, in Latin, dated 1500 of Matthew Schach, the Carthusian Prior at Prüll, and “tit. Bp. of Salona (Dalmatia), suffragan Bp. of Freising” according to Paul Needham's Index Possessorum Incunabulorum; mid-19th-century ownership signature on title-page of A. De Welles Miller, Charlotte, North Carolina, a Doctor of Divinity, but we do not know of which denomination. He was a devoted collector of early printed books. (Sincere thanks to Eric Johnson [Ohio State University Library] and Eric White [Princeton University Library] for assistance with the Shach provenance note.)
Evidence of readership: Early marginalia next to chapters (or their morals) 15, 16, 28, 33, 36, 43, 47, 55, 72, 80, 91, 92, 106, 111, 125, 128, 135, 144, 164, 173, and 178. A correction to the moral of 115 and an interlinear addition to moral 55.
Goff G-296; GKW 10902; BMC I, 146 (IB. 1928); ISTC ig00296000. Recent ebony-brown calf old style: Round spine with raised bands accented by gilt rules, cream leather title label, fillets extending onto covers from each band to terminate in trefoils; a vertical blind-tooled “rope” to covers beyond the trefoils and covers framed in blind double fillets. Title-leaf stained and with old repairs, pencilling, and ownership indicia as above; very old bookseller's description glued to same not approaching type or inkings. Variable waterstaining throughout; pinhole-type worming, minor and not costing letters; leaf l4 torn in upper margin extending into text with loss a very few words in the top two lines of one column on each page of the leaf. Lacks the final blank (only). A significant book, and a handsome incunable in a very interesting copy. (39525)
Gregory (ca.?540–12 March 604), pope from 3 September 590 to 12 March 604, is thepatron saint of musicians, singers, students, and teachers, and is famous for instigating the first known large-scale mission from Rome — the Gregorian Mission, to convert the pagan Anglo-Saxons in England to Christianity.
Provenance: Cut-down Blumhaven Library bookplate (i.e., private library of Herman Blum, 1885–1973, of the Frankford section of Philadelphia, PA); given by Mr. Blum on his 89th birthday to his grandson Robert Martin Blum, as per light blue ballpoint pen inscription on front pastedown.
ISTC ig00405000; Goff G405; HC 7963*; Pell 5357; IGI 4422; BMC V 457; GKW 11401. Half vellum and cream paper covered boards of the first half of the 20th century, soiled; without the final blank leaf (only). Bookseller's description glued to front pastedown above provenance information as above; additional tape or glue stains on same and tape stains on rear pastedown. Title- leaf seriously browned, torn with blank lower area lost, and mounted, with image of St. Peter and all but one letter of type preserved; repairs to upper margin and fore-edge of the first text leaf; waterstaining in first half, diminishing after first signatures. (39630)
The incunable leaf offered here contains the account of his murder. It was printed in single-column format in an interesting gothic font by the famous early printer Johann Zainer, the first printer to set up shop in Ulm.
Provenance: From the collection of leaves assembled by the Grabhorn Press (1920–65), for their reference library.
ISTC No.ij00091000; Goff J91; GKW M11319. Disbound. Numeral “53" in lower outside corner of the recto. Nice margins, and very clean. (40788)
Provenance: From the collection of leaves assembled by the Grabhorn Press (1920–65), for their reference library.
ISTC No.ij00171000; Goff J171; GW M11405; Proctor 1262–63; Copinger 4626. Disbound, inner margin slightly irregular and discolored from glue; dust-soiled. Else, very good — indeed, quite handsome. (40785)
This leaf of The Golden Legend has on its recto, and continuing on the verso, the final portion of account of the nativity of the Virgin, which recounts episodes from her mature adulthood andshows the Mother of God as a powerful figure with a powerful sense of what is due her. She promises death within 30 days to a bishop who has removed from office an unsatisfactory priest that she appreciates as specially devoted to her (he is reinstated and the bishop lives); she intercedes in another vision with her “debonayre sone” to reverse the damnation of a “vayne and ryotous” cleric who, on the other hand, has been specially devoted to her and her Hours (he reforms). In a third case, she redeems from the grasp of hell a bishop's vicar who, disappointed of promotion in office, had engaged “a Jewe [who was] a magycyan” to facilitate his signing in his own blood a soul-sacrificing deal with “the devyll” (the vicar repented). The Marian section closes with an account of “Saynt Jherom's” devotion to her. All this is followed on the verso by the beginning of the life of St. Adrian of Nicomedia, who before his conversion to Christianity and subsequent martyrdom was a Herculian Guard of the Roman Emperor Galerius Maximian. He is the patron saint of soldiers, arms dealers, guards, butchers, victims of the plague, and epileptics. The text is printed in double-column format inEnglish gothic type.
Provenance: From an offering of leaves from this edition of The Golden Legend by the Dauber & Pine Bookshops, New York City, in ca. 1928 .
English incunable leaves are increasingly difficult to obtain.
STC (rev. ed.) 24876; ESTC S103597; Duff 411; Copinger 6475; Goff J-151; ISTC ij00151000. Removed neatly from a bound volume. With a “cover leaf” in approximation of a title-page, reading “The Golden Legende. J. de Voragine. Printed by Wynkyn de Worde 1498. Dauber & Pine Bookshops, Inc. New York.” A striking relic recounting multiple miracles and presenting Mary as a most interesting personality. (40744)
The specifications of the verso are: Imprint area: 42 x 153 mm. Number of lines of text: 9. First line: que vuestro lugar y minombre podays hazer et sostituyr este poder en vna per Last line: la clausula judicium sisti iudicatum con sus clausulas acostumbradas Blanks: at the end of lines 4 & 9 and the beginning of 5.
The document was sworn in Puebla on 11 December 1565, before the notary Juan de Bedoya, and in it Francisco Guilen, a citizen of Puebla, gives his power of attorney to Hernando de RIbas, a resident in Veracruz.
Valton (see below) attributed this formulary to Juan Pablos. It bears no relation to the examples of his job printing that we have seen; it does, however, bearthe hallmarks of Ocharte's craftsmanship. The date of this form's printing is based on the exemplar in the Beinecke Library at Yale, where the earliest manuscript date on the carta is 9 October 1565. Assignment of printer is based on types and ornaments.
An excellent, early example of Mexican job printing, with the earliest known example of such job printing having been dated in manuscript in 1562.
Szewczyk & Buffington, 39 Books and Broadsides Printed in America before the Bay Psalm Book, 6 (for the exemplar now at Yale), fully illustrated. Appears to be Carpenter's type 4, attributed by Valton to Juan Pablos. See: Carpenter, A Sixteenth Century Broadside from the Collection of Emilio Valton, and also see, Juan Pascoe, Tratado breve sobre un formulario notarial, which is a study of a different copy of this precise notarial form (which, unfortunately, had its manuscript completion misdated as being 1562 when it is in fact 1566). Removed from a bound volume and slightly tattered in inner margin. One worm hole (pinhole type) in lower blank margin. A very good example of Ocharte's job printing and an attractive one, with its manuscript completions both bold and legible. (41005)
The characteristics of the verso are: Type face: roman. Imprint area: 42 x 153 mm. Number of lines of text: 9. First line of verso: pa[ra] ello se reqiera, y deua auer otro mi mas especial poder y ma[n]dado Last line of verso mi persona y bienes anidos [sic, for auer] y por auer.
The document was sworn in Mexico on 15 March 1594, before the notary Alonso Santres (??) , and in it Juan Gracia Barranco, a citizen of Puebla but visiting Mexico City, gives his power of attorney to Lope de la Carrera, also a citizen of Puebla, who was not present, to buy in his name gold, silver, and other things as he sees fit.
Valton (see below) attributed this formulary to Pedro Ocharte and the woodcut “S” is of the style of woodcut initials he used in various books.
The earliest known example of such job printing was dated in manuscript in 1562.
Carpenter, A Sixteenth Century Broadside from the Collection of Emilio Valton, #26. Removed from a bound volume and moderately tattered in inner margin. Worming in margins occasionally extending into the text area. A very good example of Ocharte's job printing, with one of the classic initials. (34746)
The verso blank.
Use of capitals in text for words: Generalmente, Magestad, Senores, Presidente, Oydores, Reales, Alcaldes, Juezes, and Justicias.
The manuscript completions were sworn in Puebla de los Angeles on 14 September 1590, before the notary Marcos Reyes. Francisco Hernandez de Tinoco, a citizen of Puebla, gives power of attorney to Hernan Perez, a “procurador de causas,” who is not present.
Our attribution to printer is based on the type used and stylistics of composition.
Edwin A. Carpenter, A Sixteenth-Century Mexican Broadside (i.e., The Valtón Collection), possibly type 14, 15, or 16. Not in Szewczyk & Buffington, 39 Books and Broadsides Printed in America before the Bay Psalm Book. Removed from a bound volume with worming in margins and into text, touching but not costing letters; age-toning. Light waterstain in upper margin. A good example of a Mexican incunable broadside. (34744)
This book is “around” in libraries; ISTC locates 12 U.S. copies.But on the market, it is a different story!
Goff S222; H 14436; HC(+ Add) 14439; Audin 126; CIBN S-107; IGI 8739; Sallander 2430; Pr 6361; BMC, VI, 684; GKW M40472; ISTC is00222000. 20th-century grey boards, lightly discolored, with caramel-color leather label on front one. Text very clean. (27042)
The Vatican Incunabula catalogue notes that this commentary was, “In fact written after Savonarola's death, probably by the Dominican Simone (or Placido) Cinozzi”; ISTC adds, “The Dominicans ordered an enquiry into its authorship and publication on 24 May 1499.” Placido (Lorenzo) Cinozzi (1464–1503) is famous for his Epistola of 1501–03, considered the earliest extant biography of Savonarola; he first heard Savonarola preach at San Lorenzo in 1484 and later knew him at San Marco, where Cinozzi joined the Dominican order in 1496.
Evidence of readership: Early ink manicule in the margin of f. 3v, pointing to a passage beseeching God to free His people, who are in great danger; and some letters finished with the same ink (ff. 3v–4r).
Provenance: Probably from Lathrop C. Harper (its binding style, see below).
ISTC locates five copies in libraries in the U.S., two in Britain, and ten on the Continent.
Adams S485 (“c. 1501”); Goff S203; HCR 14410; H14409?; CIBN S-151 (“about 1500”); IGI, VI, 131 (“after 1500”); Audin 128; Pr 6453; BMC, VII, 1209; GKW M40467; ISTC is00203000; Proctor 6453; Isaac 13494; Bibliothecae Apostolicae Vaticanae, Incunabula, III, S-120 (see above); C. Olschki, “Un codice savonaroliano sconosciuto,” in La Bibliofilia 23 (1921), pp. 154–65, at p. 163; R. Ridolfi, Vita, II, p. 669, n. 22 (“about 15 May 1499”); Walsh 3035e. On Cinozzi, see: Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani online. 20th-century grey boards, lightly discolored, with caramel-color leather label on front board, and blue edges; rectangle of offsetting to paper of back cover, probably from a similar label on a similar book once this one's neighbor! Text very clean. (27040)
For additional SAVONAROLA,
SEE “CATHOLICA” ~