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Rosillo y Enciso, Antonio. Illuminated manuscript in Spanish, on vellum. Carta ejecutoria de hidalguía. Madrid: , 1777 (12 April). Folio (31 cm, 12.25 ).  ff. $5,250.00
A colorfully painted, illuminated, beautifully indited, and impressively bound family treasure and heirloom: Sr. Rosillo y Enciso, a native of Ceuta and citizen of Cadiz, having presented the King of Ams with a thick cahier of documents including a 16th-century carta de hidalguía signed by the king and retaining the lead seal, in support of his asking for recognition of his claim to the status of hidalgo, received that designation as is here blazoned in => an extended, informative, and handsome document on vellum. His lineage is chiefly via four families: Rosillo, Roxas, Enciso, and Soto. The history of each of the four and its past notable accomplishments is presented in a lengthy essay that begins with the family name illuminated in a multi-color cartouche and with the first letter of the first word of the essay being an illuminated, multi-color historiated initial. The names of both the men and the women in the lineage are given. => Each essay ends with a beautiful, half-page, full-color depiction of the family’s coat-of-arms. All told the manuscript has 12 historiated initials, these including images of a church seen across fields, a monstrous fish, and => ten different, delicately detailed, naturalistically "posed" birds including a phoenix.
At the beginning of the volume is the full-page, multi-color coat of arms that Rosillo is now allowed to use: It incorporates elements of the coats of arms of the aforementioned four families. Following that is a bright and lively version of the full-page, multi-color, dramatic creation that traditionally opens a carta de hidalguía, incorporating the illuminated name of the King of Arms. Each of the coats of arms and the King of Arms page has a tipped-in red silk guard.
The text, presented throughout within two nested, triple-line red frames, is in excellent, easily readable 18th-century calligraphy.
Binding: Contemporary red calf with the coat of arms of the king central on both boards and a wide gilt roll around the periphery of each board; four raised bands to spine and a gilt floral device in the center of each spine compartment. All edges gilt.
Provenance: Hroswitha Club bookplate memorializing Sarah Gildersleeve Fife (1885–1949) and designed by Sarah B. Hill, to front pastedown. Fife, a prominent force among women bibliophiles in the first half of the 20th century, was barred by reason of her sex from membership in the Grolier Club; she was one of the founders of the Hroswitha Club in 1944 and its library was named after her.
Bound as above and binding in good+ condition, rubbed and abraded with some loss of leather and gilt tooling; the volume housed In its original open-back slipcase with marbled paper covering, slipcase very sound with its paper covering worn and abraded. The initial coat of arms page on which the volume directly opens, mounted on paper and showing signs of onetime water exposure at that paper's lower outer corner, is lightly soiled overall and its paint shows a few minor scratches; otherwise occasional smudges to vellum generally affect the red-ruled borders only and NONE of them affect the delightful initials, cartouches, and half-page coats of arms. => The beautifully produced text of this carta is in an excellent state, and the volume carries with it a most appealing provenance. (41814) Please RESHELVE This.
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