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(MEXICAN "INCUNABLE"). Notarial form.  Carta de poder. [Mexico: Pedro Balli, before 25 February 1594]. Folio 33.5 cm, 13.25"). [1] f. with integral leaf in manuscript.

The printed text of this power of attorney is contained on the recto while the verso has the completion of the power in manuscript and the beginning of a related document. The manuscript completions were sworn in Mexico City on 25 February 1594 before the notary Diego Martínez; Juan de Torres Loranza, a citizen and merchant of Mexico City, gives his power of attorney to Rafael Cabeza de Vaca, the “contador” of the city council of Puebla, who was not present. On folios 1v through 2v, is the manuscript document in which => Cabeza de Vaca uses that power to obligate Juan de Torres Loranza to pay Juan Gómez Casco, a citizen of Puebla, 3250 gold pesos for 50 arrobas (about 1265.5 lbs.) of “grana cuchonilla encajada y registrada [cochineal, registered and in boxes]."
        The printed text has these printing characteristics: Type face: roman. Imprint area: 250 x 160 mm. Number of lines of text: 35. First line: SEpan quantos esta carta vieren como yo Last line: tos en forma de derecho. E para lo auer por firme, obligo mi persona y bienes, Blank space between the first and second lines of text: 450 mm. Woodcut initial: Valtón type A, an initial from Juan Pablos' printing establishment, as per María Isabel GraZén Porrúa, Los Grabados en la obra de Juan Pablos, p. 166, specimen XXV, 32S. (Mexico: Apoyo al desarrollo de Archivos y Bibliotecas de Mexico & Fondo de Cultura Economica, 2010). Use of capitals in text for words: Generalmente, Magestad, Senores, Presidente, Oydores, Reales, Alcaldes, Juezes, and Justicias.
        Our attribution to printer is based on the type used and stylistics of composition and differs from Valtón’s attributions below. => Juan Pascoe, master printer and scholar of 16th-century Mexican printing, concurs with our attribution.
        Balli (fl. 1574–1600), originally from Salamanca, Spain, and of French and Spanish decent, arrived in Mexico as a bookseller but => by 1574 was operating a printing shop.
        Provenance: Discreet ownership stamp in an inner margin of Michael Mathes.
        Related to Edwin A. Carpenter, A Sixteenth-Century Mexican Broadside (i.e., The Valtón Collection), types 31– 35??

Edwin A. Carpenter, A Sixteenth-Century Mexican Broadside, Los Angeles: Dawson’s Book Shop, 1965; Not in Szewczyk & Buffington, 39 Books and Broadsides Printed in America before the Bay Psalm Book; María Isabel GraZén Porrúa, Los Grabados en la obra de Juan Pablos, Mexico: Apoyo al desarrollo de Archivos y Bibliotecas de Mexico & Fondo de Cultura Economica, 2010. Removed from a bound volume, very irregular in inner margins, worming in lower margin and into last line of text, costing portions of two printed words and six manuscript words, but not impairing ability to understand the text; otherwise, ordinary age-toning only. Laid in, as issued, to a copy of the Carpenter leaf book (Los Angeles: Dawson’s Book Shop, 1965; limited to 140 copies, printed by Saul & Lilian Marks at the Plantin Press). => A good and visually striking example of a Mexican incunable broadside and of Mexican, specifically Balli job printing — and, one with evocative manuscript completions.  (41754)   Please RESHELVE This.

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