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Espinosa de Santayana, Rodrigo de.  Arte de retorica en el qual se contienen tres libros. El primero enseña el arte generalmente, el segundo particularmente el arte de hystoriador, el tercero escriuir epistolas y dialogos ... Madrid: Impressa ... en casa de Guillermo Drouy, 1578. 8vo (14.3 cm, 5.625") [8], 80 ff; illus. (lacks prelim. blank, as in virtually all copies).

As national literatures and histories in the vernacular evolved and developed during the Renaissance, the importance of rhetoric — the art of effective, persuasive speaking or writing — became a skill writers sought to bring into their repertoire. Espinosa de Santayana's Retorica was one of several that appeared to meet this demand in Spain. It is influenced by Orazio Toscanella's works on rhetoric (La Retorica di M. Tullio Cicerone a Gaio Herennio ... and Precetti necessarii, overo miscellane; parte in capi, parte in alberi, sopra diverse cose pertinenti alla grammatica, retorica, topica, loica, poetica, historia & altre facolta) and it in turn influenced several of Spain's Golden Age writers: Cervantes, for example, is believed to have read and studied it after his return from captivity, with influence on his writing style.
        The Madrid-based Flemish printer Guillermo Drouy (fl. 1578–1599) printed the body of this text in roman with occasional use of italic type, while the "tabla" is in italic with small use of roman. There are three woodcuts, two on folio 39v and one on 80v; Drouy also enlivened the text with woodcut historiated initials and several factotum initials. He misnumbered folio 29 as 26 and 71 as 72.
        Provenance: 17th-century ownership signatures of Bachiller José ... de Guiol (front free endpaper and title-page), of Licenciado B[artolom]e Guillas (title-page), Bachiller Costa (lower margin of f. 28r).
        Most reported copies are in Spain, with the Bibliotheque Nacional and the University of Manchester also reporting ownership. => No North American library reports ownership via WorldCat or NUC.

Palau 82850; Pérez Pastor 126. Contemporary limp vellum with two white leather ties surviving and two in remnant state; title inked in style of the era to spine. Most foremargins with semicircular waterstain various in size and tone, not approaching text, with other variable signs of old entry by water or damp in from edges, usually light or even faint but a bit darker to a few leaves at rear; fore-margin excised from f, 5. Stray ink spotting and other minor stains only; one minor (and minute) intralinear inked addition, and ownership markings as above; colophon embellished with an early owner's inked bracketing that shows through to the leaf's verso. => A sound and very appealing copy.  (41561)   Please RESHELVE This.

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