One for anENGLISH (Only)–Reader
(Eighteen Letters). Documents referred to in the President's speech to both houses of the fifth Congress, on the sixteenth May, 1797. Published by order of the House of Representatives. Philadelphia: Pr. by W. Ross, . 8vo (20 cm, 7.9"). 63, [1 (blank)] pp. (lacking pp. 65–72).
Received and read on 19 May 1797, according to the title-page. Pickering presented these documents to the fifth Congress, they being for the most part extracts from correspondences between Pinckney and Mountflorence, as well as some letters from John Quincy Adams and other dignitaries. All 18 letters called for by the table of contents are present, despite the lacking pages; absent are the non-English originals of letters 9, 13, and 16 (the first two in French, the last in Spanish).
Evans 32966; ESTC W38218. Recently rebound in quarter blue goat over blue cloth, leather edges with gilt roll-tooling; spine with raised bands accented by solid and dotted gilt rules, gilt-stamped title, place, and date. Lacking pp. 65–72 (this includes errata leaf). First and last few leaves foxed. (2950)
Timothy. Instructions to Charles Cotesworth
Pinckney, John Marshall and Elbridge Gerry, Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers
Plenipotentiary to the French republic, referred to in the Message of the President
of the United States of the third instant. Philadelphia: Pr. by Way & Groff,
1798. 8vo. 20 pp.
Click the image for an enlargement.
As Europe was engulfed in war, the American electorate became deeply divided
over the issue of whether to side with their ally in their war of independence or with Great Britain
in their effort to prevent French domination over the continent. By 1795, however, Franco-American relations had become severely strained, owing primarily to Jay's Treaty which failed to
protect America's trading agreements with France. The treaty, together with the subsequent
election of John Adams as President of the United States (the French minister to the U. S. had
openly supported Jefferson), was viewed by the Directory with hostility. In response, the French
conducted a maritime war against the United States, with privateers seizing hundreds of vessels
flying the American flag. The Directory also refused to accept Charles Pinckney as James
Monroe's replacement as foreign minister to France (Monroe had opposed Jay's Treaty),
essentially breaking off all diplomatic ties.
Promising “a fresh attempt at negotiation” in his message to Congress of 16 May 1797,
John Adams appointed John Marshall and Elbridge Gerry to join Pinckney as part of a peace
commission charged with negotiating a new treaty with France. Unfortunately for the
commissioners, Secretary of State Thomas Pickering's instructions asked for much and gave
away little, thus giving them a weak hand with which to bargain. In addition, they were later
approached by three agents of the French foreign minister Talleyrand, identified in their
dispatches as X, Y, and Z, who demanded a bribe as a precondition to negotiation. Pinckney
refused and news of the XYZ Affair, released to Congress by the President on 3 April 1797, led
the more extreme Federalists to press for an immediate declaration of war.
This is Secretary of State Thomas Pickering's instructions, dated July 15, 1797, to the peace
commission to France.
Evans 34837. Sewn, edges untrimmed,
now in a Mylar folder. Title-page with a little bug-spotting, edges darkened, top-right quadrant
waterstained throughout. (12331)
Pickering, Timothy. Message from the President of the United States, accompanying a report of the Secretary of State, containing observations on some of the documents, communicated by the President, on the eighteenth instant. 21st January, 1799. Ordered to lie on the table. Philadelphia: John Ward Fenno, 1798 [i.e., 1799]. 8vo (20.2 cm, 8"). , 45, [1 (blank)] pp.
Important documentation of a low point in relations between the United States and France, summing up the state of affairs following the signing of Jay’s Treaty and the revelation of the XYZ Affair. John Adams’s letter of transmittal is on the verso of the title-page, followed by Pickering’s report describing numerous French government actions that could be interpreted as hostile or aggressive, if not directly contrary to international law, including much mention of seizures of American ships; the letter closes with Pickering’s incendiary warning “I hope we shall remember ‘that the Tyger crouches before he leaps upon his prey’” (p. 45).
Evans 36546; ESTC W26008. Period-style quarter calf over marbled paper–covered sides, spine with gilt-stamped title. First two leaves with a bit of light spotting in margins, otherwise clean. (13802)
Reflections on Monroe's view, of the conduct of the executive, as published
in the Gazette of the United States, under the signature of Scipio. In
which the commercial warfare of France is traced to the French faction in this
country, as its source, and the motives of opposition, &c. [Philadelphia:
Pr. by John Fenno, 1798]. 8vo signed in 4s (20 cm, 7.9"). 88 pp.
Monroe was dismissed from office as minister to the French Republic, then replaced by Pinckney; he subsequently attempted to vindicate his actions and place blame on the president in a publication entitled A View on the Conduct of the Executive on the Foreign Affairs of the United States, Connected with the Mission of the French Republic, which piece is here attacked by the so-called Scipio. Tracy does not confine himself to reproving Monroe's words, but also denounces Paine's letters and one letter translated from French that is attributed to Jefferson.
ESTC W007021; Evans 34675; Howes T 326; Sabin 96421. Recently rebound in quarter blue goat over blue cloth, leather edges with gilt roll-tooling; spine with gilt-accented raised bands and with gilt-stamped title, author, place, and date. Some pages spotted.
Adams Sends TWO
States. Dept. of State. Message from the President
of the United States, accompanying sundry papers relative to the affairs of
the United States, with the French Republic. 18th January, 1799.... [Philadelphia:
Pr. for the House of Representatives, 1799]. 8vo (20.1 cm, 7.9"). 123, [1 (blank)]
pp. [with] Message from the President of the United States,
accompanying a report of the Secretary of State, containing observations on
some of the documents, communicated by the President, on the eighteenth instant.
21st January, 1799. Philadelphia: John Ward Fenno, 1799. 8vo. , 45, [3 (2
the images for enlargements (at right is a detail).
President John Adams introduces both items; the first work consists primarily
of the correspondence of Elbridge Gerry, American envoy at Paris, with Talleyrand,
prior to the former's recall from France. Evans assigns this to William Ross's
press. The second piece is a report by the Secretary of State on developments
following the transactions cited in the first.
18th: ESTC W026145; Evans 36551. 21st: ESTC W026008; Evans 36546.
Recently attractively bound in quarter blue goat over blue cloth, leather
edges rolled in gilt; spine with gilt-stamped title, place, and date, raised
bands accented with gilt-stamped abstract floral design and straight and wavy
rules. Title-page hinged on with long-fiber tissue, outer margin repaired
with same. Varying degrees of foxing, with some leaves untouched, some slightly
spotted, and some notably darkened. (3745)
XYZ in French
(XYZ Affair). France. Ministère des Affaires Etrangères. French originals of all the documents, translations of which accompanied the message of the President of the United States, of the 18th January, 1799, relative to the affairs of the United States with the French republic. Philadelphia: Charles Cist, 1799. 8vo.  f., 58 pp.
Yes, except for the title, this U.S. government publication is entirely in French and concerns the XYZ Affair and other aspects of the PinckneyMarshallGeary mission.
Evans 36517. Recent cloth. Released from the New Hampshire Historical Society with its bookplate and one small, inoffensive rubber-stamped number in the upper margin of page 1. No other markings. Stray stains (last third). A crisp copy. (2930)
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