AMERICANA TO 1820
A-B Bibles C-E F-J
K-M N-Q R-S T-V W-Z
Anti-British Commentary & anEarly American Catholicum
Walsh, Robert, Jr. An appeal from the judgments of Great Britain respecting the United States of America. Part first, containing an historical outline of their merits and wrongs as colonies; and strictures upon the calumnies of the British writers. Philadelphia: Pub. by Mitchell, Ames, and White; W. Brown, Pr., 1819. 8vo. lvi, 512 pp. (without the errata slip).
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First edition of a vituperative anti-British study of British mistreatment of America in which the author quotes individual passages from the many published attacks on the new American nation by the British — launching fiery returns. In the book's dedication to Robert Oliver, an Irishman, Walsh says, “In the same nation which [the Irish] have always found a tyrannical mistress, [America], throughout her colonial existence, found a jealous step-mother, and now finds a malevolent scold.” He candidly admits that his purpose is “a collateral retaliation for [Great Britain's] continued injustice and invective.” Little wonder the DAB records that this work “brought congratulatory notes from Jefferson, John Adams, and John Quincy Adams and a vote of thanks from the Pennsylvania legislature, but occasioned denunciatory notices in British publications.” Of particular note is the lengthy section on the American slave trade, Walsh justifying it against fierce British attacks and describing the state of the institution as he saw it, at the time.
Provenance: On the front free endpaper: “Presented by Charlotte Wistar to James Vermenter(?) April 6 1822"; Charlotte was almost certainly the daughter of Philadelphia scientist Caspar Wistar.
Walsh, a leading literary critic and editor of the American Quarterly, was an early and distinguished Catholic-American literateur.
Parsons 631; Shaw & Shoemaker 50024; Sabin 101158; Library Company, Afro-Americana (rev. ed.), 10929; Howes W67. On Walsh, see: The Dictionary of American Biography, XIX, 391–92. Contemporary acid-stained calf, round spine, raised bands, gilt spine “extra” yet delicately not gaudily so; front joint (outside) slightly rubbed. Foxing and staining and some gatherings uniformly browned, the paper showing the vagaries of residue left in paper and affected by time and environment. Without the errata slip. Externally a most handsome copy; internally an interesting one. (33143)
Ward, Robert Plumer. An essay on contraband: Being a continuation of the treatise of the relative rights and duties of belligerent and neutral nations, in maritime affairs. London: J. Wright & J. Butterworth (pr. by G. Woodfall), 1801. 8vo (19.5 cm, 7.75"). vii, [1 (blank)], 173–255, [1 (blank)] pp. (lacking i/ii, i.e., the half-title).
Paginated continuously with Ward’s Treatise of the Relative Rights and Duties, and apparently also issued as the second part of that document, this work discusses international law regarding trade in wartime; the 1793 stoppage by the English of American corn exportation to France is included and analyzed as an example.
Goldsmiths'-Kress 18239; NSTC W529. Recent paper wrappers. Some instances of light foxing and offsetting. (11195)
Printed in GOLD within a Marvelously Elaborate ENGRAVED BORDER
Printed in SILVER
Washington, George. Broadside. Begins: WASHINGTON'S FAREWELL ADDRESS. New York: Pub. by C.C. Wright & Durand, [1834?]. Folio extra (57 x 46 cm; 23" x 18"). 1 p.
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As Washington came to the last months of his second administration, he reflected on the nature of government under the new Constitution, the nature of American citizenship, and the status of the nation in the community of world nations, offeringconsidered, informed, and sage advice to his fellow citizens. FOR EXAMPLE, he warns against “combinations or associations . . . [that] serve to organize faction, to give it an artificial and extraordinary force; to put, in the place of the delegated will of the nation the will of a party, often a small but artful and enterprising minority of the community'; he further foresees that [though] now and then answer[ing] popular ends, [these combinations] are likely, in the course of time and things, to become potent engines, by which cunning, ambitious, and unprincipled men will be enabled to subvert the power of the people and to usurp for themselves the reins of government, destroying afterwards the very engines which have lifted them to unjust dominion.” On the diplomatic side, he urges that “Harmony, liberal intercourse with all nations, are recommended by policy,
humanity, and interest . . . “
This is a stunning printing of Washington's famous message. The text is printed in gold ink in four-column format within an elaborate engraved border printed in silver on bright white calendered paper. The firm of “White & Durand” is listed in the 1834–35 New York city directory as specializing in “specimens of xylographic engraving and printing in colours” and seems to have done a good business in labels for drug store bottles. An earlier incarnation of the firm “A.B.C. Durand, Wright & Co.” had specialized in banknote engraving as early as 1825, and certainly the border here is of that style and quality.
The firm was renamed in the 1835–35 city directory to “Wright & Prentiss.”
Searches of NUC, WorldCat, and the OPACs of the American Antiquarian Society and the Library of Congressfail to locate any other copies.
Date attribution based on admiring notice in an 1834 trade journal. Minor indications at some edges of the item having been pinned or tacked for display; faint instances of old staining at edges, in one case slightly into border.An excellent copy of an important and absolutely lovely production. (33580)
Wells, Seth Youngs. Millennial praises, containing a collection of gospel hymns, in four parts; adapted to the day of Christ's second appearing. Composed for the use of his people. Hancock: Pr. by Josiah Tallcott, jr., 1813. 12mo. viii, 288, [4 (adv.)] pp.
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First edition of the very first Shaker hymnal, including the text without music for 140 hymns. The work also has the distinction of being the first book from a Shaker press, having been preceded only by broadsides and pamphlets. That the Hancock printers were still learning their art is evident by the at times wobbly impression of the type, the sudden shift to a smaller point size in part of the table of contents, etc. But it is a noble effort.
This work appeared during the period of American Shaker history when attention was expended on codifying Shaker beliefs and practices. This is the first attempt to codify the hymnal.
Shaw & Shoemaker 30511; Richmond 1416. Full original calf, plain style, rubbed overall with small chips on front cover; chip at head of spine, front joint starting. Paper browned, and some stains; a bit of blue crayon doodling in blank area of top left
corner of p. 50. Early leaves with stitch holes in inner margin, not touching text; three leaves with tears, not affecting text. Ex–theological library with area of spine blacked out where call number once was; library name and five-digit number rubber-stamped on front pastedown, accession number inked and rubber-stamped at base of p. [iii]. (21139)
“I Began to Take a More Exact Account”
Wesley, John. An extract of the Rev. Mr. John Wesley's journals. Volume I. Philadelphia: Printed by Henry Tuckniss, no. 25, Church-Alley, and sold by John Dickins, no. 44, North Second Street, near Arch Street, 1795. 12mo (16.8 cm; 6.625"). , vi, 7–70, 75–316,  pp. (2 leaves of text lacking).
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First American edition of journal excerpts from one of the founders of Methodism covering “his embarking for Georgia, to his return to London” with many meditations on faith. No further volumes were published in America. The text concludes with two advertisement pages for books sold by John Dickens for the “use of Methodist Societies in the United States of America” and to profit said societies; two leaves of the text are lacking here.
Provenance: Inked 19th-century signatures of John P. Malone and John R. Malonue on front pastedown, signature of James Wyche dated 1823 on title-page with scratched out signature of John O Malone; an undated note at the back states “Journals of the Founders of Methodism belonging to James Wyche, Granville County, Carolina.” Wyche was the first president of the Raleigh and Gaston Railroad.
ESTC W32242; Evans 29861. 18th-century sheep with delicately gilt red leather title-label and gilt ruling on spine, rubbed at joints and corners, two leaves lacking as above; light to moderate age-toning with some spotting, one missing corner touching catchword, inked signatures and note as above. A sturdy and attractive little volume priced according to its faults. (37267)
White of Savannah OPINES as toEngland
Joshua E. Letters on England: Comprising descriptive scenes;
with remarks on the state of society, domestic economy, habits of the people,
and condition of the manufacturing classes generally.... Philadelphia: M. Carey
(pr. by William Fry), 1816. 8vo (23.5 cm, 9.4"). 2 vols. I: xv, , 358 pp. II:
xi, , 324 pp.
First trade edition, following an issue of the same year privately printed for the author, here in an uncut copy in the original paper-covered boards. White, an American “of Savannah,” provides his impressions of British culture in London, Oxford, Birmingham, Leeds, Liverpool, and elsewhere in England — with many comparisons to the contemporary state of affairs in the United States.
Shaw & Shoemaker 39807; Smith, Americans Abroad, W66. Contemporary paper-covered boards, spines with printed paper labels; darkened and worn, vol. I with covers detached and paper cracked over spine, vol. II with front joint open though presently holding Front pastedowns with bookplates of the Salem Library Company; vol. I with early inked inscriptions to endpapers and half-title. Light to moderate foxing, no other stains.
BEFORE His Falling-Out withthe Wesleys — Travels in Georgia
Whitefield, George. A journal of a voyage from London to Savannah in Georgia. In two parts. Part I. From London to Gibraltar. Part II. From Gibraltar to Savannah. [bound with the same author's] A continuation of the Reverend Mr. Whitefield's journal from his arrival at Savannah, to his return to London. London: Pr. for James Hutton, 1739. 8vo.  ff., 38 pp.,  f.London: Pr. for James Hutton, 1739. 8vo. 55, [1 (blank)] pp.
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George Whitefield (1714–70), a Calvinist preacher who had also been an early follower of the Wesleys during the nascent years of Methodism, was a prime mover in the Great Awakening in the English colonies in American during the second quarter of the 18th century. The present works recount his travel to and in Georgia in aid of the Wesleys' efforts there; the Continuation offers half a dozen pages speaking to time spent in Ireland.
Fifth edition of the Voyage from London and second edition of the Continuation.
Voyage from London: Sabin 103534; Alden & Landis 739/343; ESTC T29204. Continuation: Sabin 103535 & 103538; Alden & Landis 739/340; ESTC T34033 & T34025. Recent full calf antique-style with gilt concentric panels on covers and gilt corner-devices on same; round spine with raised bands, each accented by gilt rules. 19th-century wood-engraved portrait of Whitefield added as a frontispiece. A very pleasing volume. (21775)
“I Never Did Pretend to These Extraordinary Operations of Working Miracles”
Whitefield, George. The Rev. Mr. Whitefield’s answer, to the Bishop of London’s last pastoral letter. London: Pr. by W. Strahan for J. Oswald, 1739. 8vo (20.6 cm, 8.1"). 27,  pp. (without half-title and final adv. leaf).
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First edition: The Rev. Whitefield's reply to Bishop Edmund Gibson, who had rebuked Whitefield for presenting himself as an “enthusiast” who received direct revelation from God. Whitefield (1714–70), a Calvinistic Methodist whose friendship with John Wesley ended over theological disputes, was a controversial evangelist, a prolific sermonist, and a prime mover in the American Great Awakening of the mid-18th century. Here he not only rebuts Gibson's charges, but also accuses the Church of England of preaching false doctrine.
ESTC T44854; Sabin 103577. Recent quarter calf and marbled paper–covered sides, spine with gilt-stamped leather title-label and gilt-ruled raised bands. Lacking half-title and final advertisement leaf; p. 3 incorrectly numbered 1, matching ESTC's description. Pages lightly age-toned, a few with small areas of staining in outer margins. (25955)
Literature, Philosophy, Politics — Americana!
Wieland, Christoph Martin, ed. Der teutsche Merkur. Weimar : Im Verlag der Gesellschaft, 1774–76. Small 8vo (19 cm; 7.5"). 1774: 2 vols. (of 4). II:  f., 365,  pp. III: 397,  pp. 1775: 2 vols. (of 4). I: 286 pp.,  f.,  ff. of original wrapper. II: 286 pp.,  f.,  ff. of original wrappers. 1776: 2 vols. (of 4). I:  f., 290 pp., 4 plates II: 310 pp.  ff., 3 plates.
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In this monthly journal of criticism and original German literature, three monthly issues constituted a volume. Present here for 1774 are vols. 2 and 3 (April–September), for 1775 are vols. 1 and 2 (January–June), and for 1776 also 1 and 2.
The volumes for 1775 haveretained their original green paper printed wrappers. The plates in the 1776 volumes are essentially frontispieces, being engraved portraits of Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg, Johannes Fichard, Wilibald Pirckhaimer, Sebastian Brandt, Ulrich von Hutten, and Hans Sachs.
Political coverage is secondary to the literary and philosophical content here, butin the 1776 volumes the coverage for England is almost exclusively devoted to America.
The journal's editor, Wieland (1733–1813), was a complex figure of the German Enlightenment: a poet, novelist, political theorist, and pedagogue. His critical review/journal was of considerable influence.
Provenance: Duplicates (with no markings) of the Harold Jantz Collection (i.e., ex–Duke University).
Volume 2 for 1774: Modern marbled boards; considerable foxing and some waterstaining. Volume 3 for 1774: Contemporary wrappers of brown paper sprinkled with black; uncut; considerable foxing and some waterstain lines. Volumes for 1775: the two are bound in one volume of brown leather, spine darkened to black and flaking; plain endpapers. Binding shows wear, but text clean. Volumes for 1776: Contemporary calf, gilt spines; covers with some stains and abraded at edges, some distressing of the spines. Interesting “wallpaper” endpapers in blue-green and white of a floral and wave pattern. Good++ condition. Very definitely a mixed, partial set and definitely an interesting array of presentations. (35274)
The First Colonial Folio: 20 Years' Worth of
Puritan Thought on the CATECHISM
Willard, Samuel. A compleat body of divinity in two
hundred and fifty expository lectures on the Assembly's shorter catechism wherein the doctrines
of the Christian religion are unfolded ... and a great light thereby reflected on the present age.
Boston: Pr. by B. Green & S. Kneeland for B. Eliot & D. Henchman, 1726. Folio (35 cm,
13.75"). , iv, 3, , 666, 581–914,  pp. (pagination erratic, skips 160–76); complete as
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First edition of the Rev. Willard's collected sermons on the Westminster Shorter
Catechism, originally delivered as monthly lectures over 20 years' time. This posthumously
printed volume opens with an account of the author, written by the Rev. Ebenezer Pemberton;
Willard, one of the last of the great orthodox Puritan preachers of New England, was a clergyman
noted for hisopposition to the Salem witchcraft trials and for serving asacting president
of Harvard between the tenures of Increase Mather and John Leverett.
Evans notes that this is “the first folio volume, other than Laws, andthe largest work
up to this time printed in the United States.” This was a subscription printing, and includes
Benjamin Franklin's father and brother, among other dignitaries, in its list of names; the sheets
came from several different presses, and thus “it has fallen out . . . that the Pages for a
considerable way, are numbered over again” (p. 666). The title-page is printed in red and black.
The binding featuresa very unusual 18th-century repair job: to reinforce the joints, an early
hand stitched along either side of the front joint and part way down the back.
Provenance: Title-page with inked ownership inscription of T. White, dated 1726, and
with inked presentation inscription to Susanna White, dated 1782. Front pastedown with inked
inscription of Timothy Badger, 1782; also with 19th-century institutional bookplate and
Evans 2828; ESTC W30456; Sabin 104075; Streeter
Sale 675. Contemporary mottled sheep framed and panelled in blind fillets
with corner fleurons, a blind roll around the central panel; small scuffs, extremities rubbed, joints
cracked and fragile, with early sewn repairs as above. Front free endpaper partially separated.
Inscriptions as above; preface with additional early inked inscription in upper margin and inked
numeral in lower margin, a very slim “mag strip” in one gutter margin and no other institutional
markings. Pages age-toned and offset with varying degrees of spotting and staining; some
corners dog-eared. Three leaves each with short tear from upper margin, just touching text
without loss; a few leaves crumpled without tearing. First portion of volume with intermittent
early inked marginalia, one note partially shaved. A milestone of early American printing and an
interesting copy. (31011)
Willison, John. A fair and impartial testimony, essayed in name of a number of ministers, elders, and Christian people of the Church of Scotland unto the laudable principles, wrestlings & attainments of that church...with remarks; and humble pleadings with our mother church, to exert herself to stop defection, and promote reformation....
Pittsburgh: Zadok Cramer (pr. by Cramer & Spear), 1808. 12mo (17.5 cm, 6.9"). 234,  pp.
First American edition, preceded by two scarce Edinburgh and Glasgow issues (in 1744 and 1765, respectively), of this impassioned anti-Episcopalian commentary on the contemporary state of Scottish Protestantism, written by an evangelical divine who labored mightily in the name of unity of the Church of Scotland. The work serves as an important source of information on both civil and church history of the period; this copy is also an example ofa very early Pittsburgh imprint, following the first recorded printing in that city by only two years.
Shaw & Shoemaker 16746. Contemporary treed sheep, worn and front cover with incisions; both covers with water damage to lower edges, spine with head chipped and gilt-stamped title somewhat rubbed. Front free endpaper with early inked notations and inscription dated 1819; title-page with early inked ownership inscription in upper margin. Some age-toning, occasional spots, last few leaves with waterstaining to lower outer corners—solid, and in much better condition inside than the binding description would augur. (7094)
Wood, James. A dictionary of the Holy Bible.... New-York: D. Hitt & T. Ware, 1813. 8vo (22 cm, 8.625"). 2 vols. I: 600 pp. II: 616 pp.
James Wood (1751–1840), a Methodist minister, largely based this encyclopedic dictionary of the Bible on that of Augustin Calmet.
This is the sole American edition. First printed in England in 1804.
Shaw & Shoemaker 30564; NSTC W2651. Contemporary speckled sheep. Spines divided into compartments by double gilt rules with large red leather title labels and small round black volume labels, both edged with gilt fillets and gilt-lettered. Fine cracking to spines with shallow chipping from head and foot; edges rubbed, corners bumped. Pages with light browning around impression and on edges, with darker browning from turn-ins towards beginning and end of each volume. Large bite from rear free endpaper of vol. II; generally, text problem-free, with but a few shallow tears and chippings and a few light waterstains. (11313)
Proclaiming America'sTruly Illustrious Characters
Woodward, Thomas. The Columbian Plutarch. Philadelphia: Pr. for the author by Clark & Raser, 1819. 12mo (17.2 cm, 6.9")., 311, [1 (blank)] pp.
First edition: An early national biographical dictionary, starting with Columbus and ranging through such illustrious names as Penn, Rittenhouse, Washington, and Jefferson.
Title-page and first introduction page inscribed "John Culberts Book."
Sabin 105167; Shaw & Shoemaker 50156. Contemporary treed sheep, front cover all but off, edges worn and back joint deeply abraded. Pages browned. Title-page faintly stamped by a now-defunct institution; front pastedown with old-fashioned bookplates. (3728)
GEHENNA Fine Press Afro-Americanum
Woolman, John. Some considerations on the keeping of Negroes 1754; Considerations on the keeping of Negroes 1762. [Northampton, MA]: [colophon: Printed at The Gehenna Press, copyright 1975]. 8vo (21 cm.; 8.25"). 84 pp.,  ff.
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Afro-Americana is not a category that has attracted the eye of many fine press owners, butLeonard Baskin is definitely an exception. His edition of Quaker John Woolman's two tracts, the first the printed in Philadelphia by J. Chattin in 1754 and the second by Benjamin Franklin and David Hall in 1762, does visual justice to the importance of the texts.
Printed as only the second Gehenna tract, the edition is in Centaur and Arrighi types and its paper is Fabriano. The main body of the book is printed on white paper but the “Afterword on John Woolman & slavery, prepared by Frederick B. Tolles” and the colophon are on slate blue. The series title-leaf, preceding the title-leaf, is printed in black and red. Red is also used in the headings of each tract and for the Gehenna pressmark (style XX) at the top of the colophon.
The two sectional title-pages are printed in black, red, and green, and bear the date of 1970; as Brook explains: “The book was printed in 1970, but not bound or published until 1975.”
Baskin's woodcut portrait of Woolman fills more than half of the main title-page.
Binding: Quarter black crushed morocco with charcoal and white French combed patterned marbled papers on sides. Bound by Gray Parrot, but unsigned.
Of this, “Two hundred & fifty copies were printed . . . Copies one to twenty carry an additional impression of the portrait, signed by the artist” (colophon). This is copy no. 57.
Brook, Gehenna Press, 1942–1975, 78; Baskin, Gehenna Press —The Work of Fifty Years, 78. Bound as above. Very good condition. (36889)
Youngs, Benjamin Seth. The testimony of Christ's second appearing; containing a general statement of all things pertaining to the faith and practice of the Church of God in this latter-day. Albany: E. & E. Hosford, 1810. 12mo. xxxviii, 620,  pp.
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for an enlargement.
Stated second edition, “corrected and improved,” of this important early Shaker book about their beliefs and history. First published in Lebanon, Ohio, in 1808. Preface signed in type by David Darrow, John Meacham and Benjamin S. Youngs, of whom the two first-named “signed their names not as authors, but as counsellors, and as sanctioning the work.”
Shaw & Shoemaker 22127. Full original sheep, spine showing flex marks with small chips at extremities and a gilt-stamped leather title-label; first and last leaves with offsetting from leather turn-ins. Short tear at top margin of one leaf, without touching any text; some scattered spots of foxing. Ex-library with (attractive) old pressure-stamp to half-title, five-digit accession number
rubber-stamped on front pastedown and base of p. [iii], evidence that an inked call-number on spine was sometime obscured. A clean, nice, solid copy. (21126)
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