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Paleario, Aonio. ... Opera. Ad illam editionem quam ipse auctor recensuerat
& auxerat excusa, nunc novis accessionibus locupletata ... Amstelaedami: Apud Henricum Wetstenium, 1696. 8vo (16.5 cm; 6.5"). *8 **4 A-Z8 Aa–Ss8 Tt4 (Tt4 blank);  ff., 650,  ff.
Expressing beliefs contrary to accepted Catholic Church policy or dogma could mean trouble with the Inquisition in the heady times of the Reformation. One could avoid run-ins with the Holy Office by keeping quiet, by not publishing, or by having influential protectors. Aonio Paleario (1503–70) chose to express and even publish beliefs that were sufficiently non-mainstream Catholic that he came to the attention of the Inquisition in Italy three times. The first two instances saw the charges dropped thanks to the intervention of powerful protectors, the third proved fatal, his protectors having died.
Paleario was at once a creation of the Renaissance and of the Reformation: He carried on a wide correspondence with the intellectuals of his time, he studied the writings of Luther and Erasmus, and he sought to reconcile the old with the new. This edition of his works is chiefly composed of his letters, but also includes “De Immortalitate Animorum libri III,” and “Poematia.”
On Paleario, see: Contemporaries of Erasmus, III, 45–46. Contemporary vellum over boards; bit of abrasion and black speckling in lower area of spine. 18th-century armorial bookplate on front pastedown. Occasional light spotting in text. Notes in pencil on rear endpapers. Rear free endpaper torn with loss of paper in the lower outer area. (19246)
TheLARGEST Herbal in the English Language — Ruskin's Copy
Parkinson, John. Theatrum botanicum: The theater of plantes. Or, an herball of a large extent ... London: Thomas Cotes, 1640. Folio (35.3 cm, 13.9"). Add. engr. t.-p., , 1755 (i.e., 1745),  pp.; illus.
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First edition: Over 3,000 species and their virtues described for the use of apothecaries and herbalists. Parkinson (1567–1650), who served officially as Royal Botanist to Charles I and unofficially as gardening mentor to his queen, Henrietta Maria, was also one of the founders of the Worshipful Society of Apothecaries — to which the allegorical frontispiece here may refer with the rhinoceros in its upper portion. The author of Paradisi in sole paradisus terrestris, Parkinson was much acclaimed by his contemporaries and by later botanists; Henrey cites Sir James Edward Smith's assessment that “this work [the Theatrum botanicum] and the herbal of Gerarde were the two main pillars of botany in England till the time of Ray.” Gerard and Parkinson indeed competed in publication, with the printing of the present work having been delayed several years so as to avoid marketplace clash with Johnson's edition of Gerard's herbal.
In the present work, Parkinson divided the plants by classes such as “Sweete smelling Plants,” “Purging Plants,” saxifrages, wound herbs, cooling herbs, “Strange and Outlandish Plants,” etc. Most of the entries are illustrated with in-text woodcuts, interspersed with pages wholly occupied by four images. Among the Americana content here are descriptions of Virginia bluebells, Peruvian mechacan, potatoes, and an assortment of “Ginny peppers” (with dire warnings regarding their fiery hotness); also present are28 previously unrecorded British species, including the strawberry tree and the lady's slipper orchid. The index and tables are organized by Latin name, English name, and medicinal property.
Provenance: Front pastedown with John Ruskin's Brantwood ex-libris, and with bookplate of American zoologist Charles Atwood Kofoid; additional engraved title-page with inked inscription “Ex bibliotheca Mathiae Lynen, Londini,” dated 1641. A cheque drawn on Prescott Dinsdale Cave Tugwell & Co. by Joanna Ruskin Severn on Ruskin's behalf is tipped in.
ESTC S121875; Henrey 286; Johnston, Cleveland Herbal, Botanical, and Horticultural Collections, 197; Nissen 1490; Rohde, Old English Herbals, 142; STC (rev. ed.) 19302; Alden & Landis 640/143; Arents 212; Pritzel 6934; Hunt 235. Contemporary speckled calf framed in blind double fillets, spine with gilt-stamped red leather title-label; much worn with front joint open, hinges (inside) reinforced with linen tape, old refurbishments including shellacking. Front pastedown and engraved title-page reinforced, the latter by attachments to endpaper and title-page; preface leaf partly separated; first and last leaves generally tattered and a few others with marginal paper flaws, one affecting a few letters and a small portion of one image. Occasional marginal tears, one just touching text; three small ink spots to one leaf, touching two images, else scattered spots only; one spread with ink blot (possibly printer's) obscuring portions of five words. Some corners bumped, and index leaves creased with three partly split along creases; final table leaf and errata leaf with old repairs costing a few words. Some pagination erratic and pp. 845–48 laid in, supplied from a smaller-margined copy; front free endpaper with pencilled annotations regarding this copy. A worn and pored-over yet respectable copy of this important 17th-century herbal, withnice English and American provenance suggesting who did some of the poring. (34702)
Recusant Choler &Taking Edward Coke to Task
[Parsons, Robert]. A quiet and sober reckoning with M. Thomas Morton somewhat set in choler by his aduersary P.R. concerning certaine imputations of wilfull falsities obiected to the said T.M. in a treatise of P.R. intituled Of Mitigation. [St. Omer: English College Press], 1609. 4to (17.8 cm; 7").  ff., 688 pp.,  ff.
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Ardent controversialist Parsons takes aim at Morton, who in his A preamble unto an encounter with P.R. had challenged Parsons' previous work, and fires stinging accusations of inaccurate source-quoting, hypocrisy, and general lack of understanding. He defends his theories of equivocation and rebellion with great gusto and enough force to make one wonder just how vitriolic the work might have been had Parsons not been operating, as he repeatedly points out, under his “quiet and sober” heading. No doubt this response hardly improved Mr. Morton's temper — the phrase “a Satanicall and damnable lyar” enters into play, although to give Parsons his due, it does seem to have come from Morton first.
Provenance: The 19th-century joint bookplate of the Rev. J. Jones and the Rev. W. Wilds; later in the collection of The Society of the Holy Child Jesus with its bookplate laid over.
Sole edition (save for a modern reprint) of this Jesuit author's choleric and interesting Recusant work, this has added attraction for collectors and scholars of English law for the entire eighth chapter takes Sir Edward Coke to task “about a nihil dicit, & some other points uttered by him in two late Preambles, to his sixt and seaventh [sic] partes of Reports.”
STC (rev. ed.) 19412; Allison & Rogers, II, 635; DeBacker Sommervogel, VI, 313; ESTC S114160. 18th- or early 19th-century half calf over marbled boards, worn and abraded around edges, recently rebacked and original spine with gilt-stamped title and compartment devices retained; hinges (inside) strengthened. Two brief old inked notes on title-page; some sections with captions trimmed-into; rather a nice copyand very wild reading. (36743)
Pellicer de Touar [Tovar], José. Piramide baptismal, o inscripcion cronologica, historica, genealogica, i panegirica ... Dedicada a las felicissimas memorias del sacro, soberano, i real baptismo, de la serenissima Infante de Ambas Españas Doña Maria Teresa Bibiana de Austria. Madrid: Por la viuda de Alonso Martin, 1638. Folio (28.2 cm, 11.1"). , 6 ff.
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Known for his Avisos históricos, Pellicer — along with other literary lights — here provides encomium, history, and genealogy on the occasion of the baptism of María Teresa of Spain. The author’s name is also sometimes given as Joseph Pellicer y Ossau de Tovar (alternatively Touar/Tobar), with numerous other variants seen. This is a scarce publication: OCLC and RLIN find only one holding, in the U.K.
Palau 216717. Removed from a nonce volume. Light waterstaining, mostly to inner corners. Trimmed closely, with shouldernotes and first or last few letters shaved in some instances. One leaf with tear from upper margin extending into text, repaired some time ago, obscuring a few words. (17683)
The New French Classicism — Le nouveau classicisme français
Perrault, Claude. Ordonnance des cinq especes de colonnes selon la methode des anciens. Paris: Jean Baptiste Coignard, 1683. Folio (37.3 cm, 14.75"). , xxvii, , 124 pp.; 6 plts.
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First edition of this influential treatise on the five orders of classical architecture, written by the physician and scientist generally credited with the design of the eastern façade of the Louvre. Perrault's theory of proportion introduced a lasting debate over ideas of positive and arbitrary beauty.
In addition to thesix leaves of plates done by Pierre Le Pautre, Louis de Chastillon, and Sebastien Le Clerc, the work is illustrated with several in-text uses of a woodcut diagram comparing the five types, as well as a title-page vignette of the arms of Louis XIV and a distinctively rendered headpiece (signed by Chastillon) of the Colbert serpent coat of arms supported by a dog and a unicorn.
And yes, Claude was related to (brother, in fact, of) Charles Perrault, the fabulist and reteller of the Cinderella story and other tales.
Brunet, IV, 507; Graesse, V, 207; Cicognara, I, 607. Contemporary speckled calf, spine with gilt-stamped title and compartment decorations, board edges with gilt roll; joints and extremities carefully and unobtrusively repaired and refurbished, edge gilt rubbed. Pages slightly age-toned, with scattered spots; last few leaves with margins a bit darkened. Small area of pinhole worming to outer margins, not touching text (three plates each with tiny portion of one line touched); some instances nicely refurbished with long-fiber tissue. A clean, wide-margined, attractive copy of an attractive book. (33221)
How to Conduct a (Particular) Residencia Hearing
Philip IV (Felipe IV), King of Spain. Manuscript document. On paper, in Spanish. Madrid: 31 October 1625. Folio (31 cm; 12.125").  pp. (and 2 blank leaves).
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Diego de Faxardo had been the corregidor of Merida del Campo and he is scheduled to undergo the residencia hearing that will assess his term of office. Here the king gives specific instructions to the residencia judge as to who should be called to testify and who should not.
This is a certified contemporary copy of the original with the official paper and wax seal (now desiccated and detached but present).
Very good condition with minimal bleed through. Written in a very clear notarial hand. (31210)
Biography of Savonarola byHis Friend
Pico della Mirandola, Giovanni Francesco. Vita R. P. Fr. Hieronymi Savonarolae ferrariensis, ord. praedicatorum. Paris: Sumptibus Ludovici Billaine, 1674. 12mo (15 cm, 5.9"). Vol. I of II. Frontis.,  ff., 385 [i.e., 375],  pp. Plates.
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Authoritative edition of Savonarola's biography first printed in the 1530's, the volume in hand containing both the entire “life” and the famous compendium of his revelations. Count Giovanni Francesco Pico della Mirandola (1469–1533, not to be confused with his uncle Giovanni, the famous philosopher, 1463–94) knew Savonarola personally, and witnessed his martyrdom in 1498. After years of writing and revising, and reviews by friends who also knew Savonarola, his biography was finally finished in 1530 and later translated anonymously into Italian. The present edition is in Latin and was edited by Jacques Quétif (1618–98), a Dominican priest working chez Louis Billaine in Paris — France of the Ancien Régime regarding Savonarola as an authentic spiritual leader and not “just” the vexatious Dominican priest who antagonized Alexander VI, spoke out against humanism, and was excommunicated and executed for heresy.
The text is printed in roman and italic with side- and shouldernotes, and decorated with a few woodcut initials, headpieces and tail ornaments, with a separate section title for the
Compendium revelationum, introduced with a preface by Florentine poet Girolamo Benivieni (1453–1542). A colophon at the end of the Lamentatio sponsae Christi (final leaf) is dated 1537 for the Venetian edition by Tridino.
In addition to a finely engraved frontispiece portrait of Savonarola, there areeight plates, numbering four engraved coats of arms, for the Atestina, Medici, Borgia and Sforza families, and four large foldout letterpress family trees, for the author's family, the Atestina, Medici, and Borgia, who are all related in some way or another to Savonarola's story.
BM STC French, P1013. On Pico della Mirandola, see: NCE, XI, 347–48, and C.B. Schmitt, Gianfrancesco Pico della Mirandola ... and his Critique of Aristotle (1967). On Billaine, see: B. Montagnes OP, “Éditions et éditeurs de Savonarole dans la France d'Ancien Régime,” in Archivium fratrum praedicatorum, LXXV, pp. 159–78. Vellum over boards with yapp edges, ink title to spine and blue speckled edges; vol. II, “Additiones,” not present. Unnoticeable pin-type wormhole to frontispiece, title-page rubbed with loss to part of two words and with small hole to its blank area; small spottings to Medici fold-out plate and a few other leaves; Borgia fold-out plate repaired and with a diamond-shaped waterstain; a few tears in lower margins, two resulting in a bit of loss and one of these given an old repair. (30276)
BENEDICTINES Come to the New World
A FINE Engraved Title-Page & 18 Splendid Plates
[Plautius, Caspar]. Nova typis transacta navigatio novi orbis Indiae occidentalis.... [Linz], 1621. Folio (32.6 cm, 12.875"). )(4 (-)(4, blank) A–M4 N4 (-N4, blank); Engr. t.-p.,  ff., 101,  pp.; 18 plts.
Curiously enough, the dedicatee of this work, Caspar Plautius, is certainly also its author, writing under the pseudonym of Honorius Philoponus. Plautius was abbot of Seitenstetten in Lower Austria, and no doubt wrote as a compliment to a fellow Benedictine: Bernard Buil or Boyl of Montserrat, appointed by the pope vicar general of the Indies, who, with others of the order, accompanied Columbus on his second voyage as missionaries. In the style of a medieval legendary, Nova typis transacta navigatio novi orbis Indiae occidentalis relates first the westward voyage of St. Brendan, then the exploits of the Boyl and his fellow monks, including some description of the customs of the American native peoples they met, with their lands, their agriculture, their feast customs, et al. Boyl’s missionary enterprise failed, and sadly he is now only remembered for his mordant criticism of Columbus.
This book bears an ornate, emblematic engraved title-page, with portraits of St. Brendan and Boyl and more, and no fewer than 18 leaf-filling plates by Wolfgang Kilian. These plates, which mixfancy and realism in entirely engaging ways, include a portrait of Columbus, a scene of St. Brendan celebrating mass on the back of a whale, botanical images of the marvelous Peruvian potato, and numerous views of the missionaries’interaction with the natives, some friendly, and some not—the unfriendliest being notably violent and gory. Also, on p. 35–36 is given an example of purportednative American music, with both words and notation. This copy is one (probably the first) of two states of this sole edition (with only three leaves in the preliminaries), without the additional foldout plate found in some copies.
Binding: Contemporary speckled calf, spine gilt-extra, with a red leather title label. Red, blue, yellow, and green endpapers. All edges speckled red. (Our image in this early "edition" of our description is a bit distorted; we expect to fix that, before general publication.)
Alden & Landis, European Americana, 621/100; Sabin 63367; Palau 224762. Binding as above and shown at left (distortion noted), chipped on corners and at head and foot of spine. Small wormholes visible on inside of covers, running into margins of pages and plates, and a few closed tears, neither affecting print or plates. Engraved title remounted. Small stains, light spots of waterstaining, and light soiling. A very covetable illustrated Americanum of the early 17th century, in an enjoyable copy. (8281)
Turning-Point in the Ignatian Controvery: The Rejection of the Longer Greek Recension
Polycarp, Saint, Bp. of Smyrna; & Ignatius, Saint, Bp. of Antioch. Polycarpi et Ignatii epistolae: una cum vetere vulgata interpretatione Latina, ex trium manuscriptorum codicum collatione, integritati suae restituta. Accessit & Ignatianarum epistolarum versio antiqua alia, ex duobus manuscriptis in Anglia repertis, nunc primum in lucem edita. Quibus praefixa est, non de Ignatii solum & Polycarpi scriptis, sed etiam de apostolicis constitutionibus & canonibus Clementi Romano tributis. Oxoniae: Excudebat Leonardus Lichfield Academiae Typographus, 1644. 4to (21.5 cm; 8.5"). cxlvi, , 243, , 53 pp.
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Controversies have stages and the Ignatian Controversy had three. In the period from the first printing of the Ignatian letters (1495) till 1644, the Longer Greek recension was all that was known and it was accepted despite early awareness of some spurious aspects. The second stage began with the publication of the present work in which Bishop Ussher printed the letters based on the Shorter Greek recension as found in Latin manuscripts in Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, and in the private collection of Robert Montagu — the Greek text for which was soon found and published two years later. The final stage came in 1845 with the discovery of the Syrian “extract.”
The texts of the Epistles of Polycarp and Ignatius are here presented in parallel columns, in the Greek of the Longer recension and in Robert Grosseteste's mid-13th-century Latin translation. Ignatius' Greek text is printed in red and black; red for words and passages not appearing in the Latin version reproduced on pp. 195–238, and, in the “Emendanda,” for words and passages not appearing in the Greek text on pp. 239–41.
Besides editing the letters, Irish-born Ussher provides notes and an essay, “De Ignatii Martyris Epistolis, indeque . . . de Polycarpi quoque scriptis, atque Apostolicis Constitutionibus et Canonibus Clementi Romano tributis,” at the end of the volume.
The ESTC record indicates that a portion of this work was salvaged from an edition of Ignatii, Polycarpi, et Barnabæ, epistolae atq[ue], martyria quibus praefixa est de Polycarpi & Ignatii scriptis Jacobi Usserii archiepiscopi armachani dissertatio: quae in hoc volumine continentur alia, operi praefixa synopsis indicabit that was accidentally burnt while being printed by Lichfield in 1642.
Provenance: 17th- or 18th-century ownership signatures of “Will. Young” and of “John Dearle.” In early 19th century given to Kenyon College by John Foster of Hertfordshire; in the 20th century in the library of Colgate Rochester Crozer Divinity School (properly deaccessioned).
Wing (2nd ed.) P2789; Wing (rev. ed.) U185; Madan, II, 1739–1744; ESTC R203207. Contemporary sprinkled calf, modestly tooled in blind with a double rule on covers; rebacked, original spine label reattached, new front free endpaper. Library bookplates and one-line rubber-stamps on pastedowns but not title-page; one leaf with small loss of paper in lower margin, not affecting text. Edges of title-leaf and leaf following darkened from offset of the turn-ins. Solid, handsomely printed, interesting. (34456)
Compendium of Early Physiognomy, in Italian,
& with a Byzantine Forgery
Porta, Giovanni Battista [Giambattista] della; Antonius Polemo (attrib.); Giovanni Ingegneri.
La fisonomia dell'huomo, et la celeste ... libri sei. Venetia: Sebastian Combi & Gio. LaNoù, 1652. 8vo (16.6 cm, 6.55"). Add. engr. t.-p., , 598, , 190, , 134 pp.; illus.
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Della Porta's influential work on physiognomy, originally published in 1586 as De humana physiognomonia. Here, the author seeks to categorize similarities between visible external physical characteristics and the traits of the soul or character hidden within — formalizing a pseudo-science that continues (in assorted variations) to find adherents even today. The human physiognomy treatise is followed by its celestial counterpart, and then, as issued, by the Fisonomia di Polemone (although attributed to Polemo, actually a Byzantine forgery) and the Fisonomia naturale of Giovanni Ingegneri.
The two Italian-laguage della Porta texts are illustrated withnumerous in-text copper engravings: These remarkable vignettes include, along with a sequence of individual animals and humans, a series ofside-by-side comparisons of human facial types to various types of animal, offered as examples of Porta's determinations: “The horse is a noble animal, therefore it is a sign of nobility to walk erect with the head held high. Men who resemble a donkey are like that animal: timid, stupid, nervous. He who looks like an ostrich is akin to it in character: he is timid, elegant, vicious, stolid man who reminds us of a swine is a swine, eating greedily and having all the other characteristics, such as rudeness, irascibility, lack of discipline, sordidness, lack of intelligence [and] modesty. In a similar way, men who look like ravens are impudent; those who resemble oxen are stubborn, lazy, irascible; men who have lips shaped like those of a lion are hearty, magnanimous, courageous; others who make us think of a ram are timid, malicious and humble” (Seligmann). Mortimer notes that these engravings “were probably copied from the Vicenza woodcuts used by Pietro Paolo Tozzi.”
Evidence of readership: Front pastedown and free endpaper with early inked annotation in Latin and French.
This ed. not in Brunet; see Mortimer, Italian 16th-Century Books, 398; Cicognara 2460. See also Seligmann, The History of Magic, 319. No edition of the Polemo forgery is listed in Freeman, Bibliotheca Fictiva. Contemporary mottled calf, covers framed in gilt double fillets, spine with gilt-stamped title, compartments ruled in gilt and holdaing gilt-stamped decorative motifs, and raised bands with gilt roll; leather expectably acid-pitted, binding moderately worn overall. Annotation as above. This is a very pleasing copy, with pages clean and images printed darkly and crisply. (39430)
The Long ParliamentORDERED ITS PUBLICATION . . .
Prynne, William. Romes master-peece: Or, the grand conspiracy of the pope and his Jesuited instruments, to extirpate the Protestant religion, re-establish popery, subvert lawes, liberties, peace, parliaments, by kindling a civill war in Scotland, and all his majesties realmes, and to poyson the king himselfe. London: Pr. for Michael Sparke, 1644. 4to (22.5 cm, 8.75").  f., 36 pp.,  f.
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Militant Puritanism and prolific pamphleteering were the hallmarks of William Prynne (1600–69): He had no love for drinking, lovelocks, stage plays, Archbishop Laud, or Roman Catholics. His ardent beliefs brought him before the Star Chamber more than once and in 1637 he was branded on the cheeks with the letters “S” and “L” for “Seditious Liar” — which he interpreted as “Stigmata Laudis,” however. In this diatribe, he rails against a supposed plot to murder the king and to reestablish Catholicism in England. It is “based” on third-hand hearsay, but the Long Parliament ordered its publication in 1643 and allowed this second edition, in which portions of the text and letters are given in both English and Latin. There was no third edition.
The title-page has a classic typographic border; attractive typgraphic headpieces and one nice ornamental initial appear in text.
Wing (rev. ed.) P4055; ESTC R7561. In modern marbled wrappers, a little chipped; age-toning with some soiling/staining. Unmarked and untattered. (39426)
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