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Walker, Clement.  Relations and observations, historicall and politick, upon the Parliament begun anno Dom. 1640. [London?:: No publisher/printer], 1650. 4to (20 cm, 7.8’’). [6], 161, [1] pp.

This intriguing pamphlet in its fourth edition, after three of 1648, with the first occurrence of the phrase "Rump Parliament" used to refer to the members of the sitting Long Parliament. "Wing states that [its] place of publication [was] London, but the typesetting and ornaments appear to be continental" (ESTC); as, unlike the three editions of 1848, this was printed after the beheading of Charles I, it is unsurprising it should have been produced abroad. The title-page layout appears to follow that of the second edition, a copy of which probably provided the source for the present one.
        Writing under the pseudonym Theodorus Verax, Clement Walker (d. 1651) was a controversialist and M.P. for Wells. His Relations is devoted to the Long Parliament; appointed in 1640, in 1648 it was hit by Pride’s Purge, which expelled the Presbyterian, moderate faction, favoring instead the Independents and supporters of Cromwell’s New Model Army under the direction of Sir Thomas Fairfax, to whom the Relations is dedicated. It argues, however, that if Presbyterians were in the wrong, the Independents were not right either, as, like the former, they eventually behaved in ways that wronged the English people.
        The work is made of up three parts in one, with separate title-pages. The first, "The Mystery of the two Iunto’s," discusses the tensions between the Presbyterian and Independent factions; the second, "The History of Independency," begins with a discussion of Cromwell’s Army, its fights against the City, and all the phases of the strengthening of the Cromwell faction. The third part is concerned with the controversial Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquess of Argyll, eventually executed as a Cromwell collaborator, under Charles II, for high treason.

ESTC R186161; Wing (rev. ed.) W334C. Modern marbled paper–covered boards, gilt-lettered leather label to spine. Text with age-toning sometimes unto browning, with variable dust- and finger-soiling especially to page edges; short slender (even "minute") worm tracks to outer margin of final gatherings. => A sound and serviceable copy of this work by "Verax."  (41342)   Please RESHELVE This.

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