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Ladrón de Guevara, Baltasar. Manifiesto, que el real convento de religiosas de Jesus Maria de Mexico, de el real patronato, sujeto a el orden de la purissima e immaculada concepcion, hace a el sagrado concilio provincial ... [Mexico]: En la Imprenta de D. Felipe de Zuñiga y Ontiveros, 1771. Folio (28.9 cm, 11.4").  f., 217,  p. $2,250.00
Only edition. This official declaration of the Order of the Immaculate Conception of the convent Jesus Maria of Mexico encompasses a historical synopsis of the foundation and progress of that monastery with ten chapters on the => the religious life of the sisters — covering their admission into the monastery and their vows of poverty in history and practice. The work is one of the greatest Colonial-era documents to give a clear inside view of the structured life inside a Mexican convent.
Ladrón de Guevara strenuously protests the ambitious Enlightenment-era reforms that the Bourbon crown wished to make to convent life. In Mexico, the Bishop of Puebla, Francisco Fabián y Fuero (1719–1810), led the reform effort under the guidance of Francisco Antonio de Lorenzana (1722–1804), Archbishop of Mexico, and the proximate cause for the Manifiesto was Fabián y Fuero’s pastoral letter of August 1768 to the abbesses of convents forcefully outlining his plans to curb access to private money in convents, suppressing the custom of the peculio (an allowance nuns could draw from their dowries) and totally abolishing private living arrangements within convents (including the dismissal of private servants).
The document is addressed to the fourth provincial council, called by Archbishop Lorenzana, and is => a plea on behalf of the nuns to not change how things are done and administered in the nunnery, to not introduce innovations.
Guatemalan by birth, Ladron de Guevara (d. 1804) studied civil and canonical jurisprudence at the Tridentine Seminary in Mexico, where he graduated from the university and became a lawyer at the royal court. One of the => leading lawyers in Mexico, he ascended quickly to high office, and was appointed governor in absence of the viceroy four times; according to Beristain, he was called the "American Ulpian" (after the Roman jurist) by at least one contemporary.
Binding: Contemporary gilt-tooled Mexican "cat's paw" calf binding, with a single chain roll used to accent the spine edges, form a center panel on each board, and connect the corners of those panels to the board corners; gilt flower "bouquets' spring into the panels from their corners, and a floral wheel graces each center. Spine slightly round, without raised bands; spine tooled with rules and devices in gilt to form seven compartments (no compartments left for lettering). All edges blue.
Palau 129542; Medina, Mexico, 5451; Beristain, II, p. 61. Binding as above, lightly rubbed; gilt of spine faded and darkened, gilt on covers largely still bright. Plain endpapers, rear free one excised. Text remarkably clean. => A volume beautifully printed, handsomely bound, and socially interesting. (40926) Please RESHELVE This.
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