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Paz, Juan de.  Consultas y resoluciones varias, theologicas, juridicas, regulares y morales. Sevilla: Por Thomas Lopez de Haro, 1687. Folio (29 cm, 11.25"). [18] ff., 736 pp., [23] ff.; without the portrait of St. Thomas.

The Philippines were technically part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain but the social, political, religious, and moral reality of the islands was far, far from that of the mainland New Spain, and reading the 299 opinions on legal cases and moral conundrums that Juan de Paz (1622–99, O.P.) compiles in this extensive work of canon and civil law shows that in a most dramatic fashion.
        For example, there were three types of slavery in the Philippines: people who sold themselves or their children into slavery; those captured and enslaved in war; and those so condemned judicially. But in fact => "slavery" as practiced in the islands was rarely for a lifetime, and was more akin to indenturement. Even those judicially condemned to slavery had a terminal date for that status. And so, many pages here deal with slaves, their rights, the rights of "owners," the status of children of slaves, and repayment of original sale prices.
        Another remarkable difference from Spanish or mainland New Spanish law derives from the presence of => the Philippines' large Chinese population, requiring discussion of its status and that of the offspring of intermarriage with native Filipinos or others, and of the annual Chinese festival that involved days and days of legal gambling.
        Universal topics not tied to such regional differences concern simony, political corruption, power of the clergy, and just war.
        An early owner has copied out on the front fly-leaf, at length, the exact wording of => the law concerning stamped paper.
        This is the first edition of the work, a second appearing in 1745.
        Paz arrived in the Philippines in 1648 and was sent to the mission of the Buguey in Cagayan, was then almost recalled to Rome on suspicion of Probabilism, and in the early 1650s was teaching at the University of Santo Tomas. Between 1656 and 1678 he served three terms as the university's rector.
        Searches of NUC and WorldCat fail to find any U.S. library reporting ownership of a copy of this and fewer than ten libraries in the rest of world show ownership of this edition.
        Provenance: Ownership signature on front free endpaper of "B[achille]r Amable.".

Palau 215717; Retana, Aparato bibliográfico, 159. On Paz, see: Santos, E.V., "Juan de Paz, O. P. (1622–1699): The Oracle of Asia" (Philippiniana Sacra. 1987, Vol 22, Num 65, pp. 281–299); and Indice biográfico de España, Portugal e Iberoamérica, fiche 713, frame 37. Contemporary limp vellum with spine title in ink, lacking ties; vellum cracked and partially split at "joint seam" of rear cover, cover fore-edges chipped. Text block with variable old marginal staining, intruding from stained fore-edges; worming in gutters occasionally entering text but never "serious"; scattered marginalia and underscoring, with inscription on verso of title showing through on recto. => Well used and ready for more use.  (40764)   Please RESHELVE This.

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