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Malagrida, Gabriel.  Juizo da verdadeira causa do terremoto, que padeceo a corte de Lisboa, no primeiro de Novembro de 1755. Lisboa: Officina de Manoel Soares, 1756. 4to (20 cm, 8"). 31, [1 (blank)] pp., [1] f.

Malagrida (1689–1761) was a missionary to Brazil (1721–49), a famous preacher, an Italian Jesuit, and like all Jesuits, a thorn in the side of Prime Minister Pombal; ultimately, he was an unfortunate innocent in the Távora affair.
        The present work put Malagrida in Pombal's cross-hairs: In it he says the 1755 Lisbon earthquake was God's punishment visited a sinful people. Pombal resented the implicit criticism of his government and persuaded King José to banish Malagrida in November 1756 and, at the same time, to bar all Jesuits from the royal court.
        Matters worsened for Malagrida in September, 1758, following the supposed attempted assassination of the king when he was returning from a visit to his mistress. (The real target of the attackers may well have been the king's chamberlain!) The attackers said under torture that they acted on orders of the Távora family, who were plotting to put the Duke of Aveiro on the throne. Pombal hated the Távoras and their power and influence, and was determined to destroy them as well as their circle, which included Malagrida, personal confessor of Marquise Leonor Tomásia de Távora, and => he succeeded in killing virtually the entire family, confiscating their wealth, razing their properties, and salting the area where they were burned at the stake. All via rigged trials he staged!
        At Malagrida's criminal trial he was found guilty of treason and sentenced to die; but because of his ecclesiastical status only the Inquisition could put him to death and the Inquisitors overruled the criminal court. Pombal replaced the judges with others favorable to him and eventually Malagrida was found guilty of heresy, hypocrisy, false prophecies, impostures, and various other heinous crimes. => He was garroted and burned at the stake. His Juizo da verdadeira causa do terremoto was => very successfully suppressed and banned by royal decree (Mémoires de Pombal, IV, 150–53).
        Searches of NUC, WorldCat, COPAC, KVK, CCPBE, PROBASE, and the OPACs of the French and Spanish national libraries located only two U.S. libraries (Newberry, Harvard) and three foreign ones (British Library, University of Sao Paulo, Portuguese National Library) reporting ownership.

Inocêncio III. 106; Ameal 1424; Palha 3408; DeBacker-Sommervogel, V, 395. 20th-century boards with light blue-green mottled paper covering. Title-page damaged at inner margin and mounted; several leaves with old worm damage, repaired with yellowing and with affected or lost letters inexpertly (but not eye-catchingly) supplied in pen and ink. Text browned overall. Less than an ideal copy, but => one of the few surviving ones and that for significant reasons!  (40435)   Please RESHELVE This.

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