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Burthogge, Richard.  An essay upon reason, and the nature of spirits. London: Printed for J[ohn] Dunton, 1694. 8vo (17.3 cm,6.8"). [4] ff., 280 pp., in-text diagram (6 leaves [i.e., pp. 83–94] in expert facsimile).

The first and only edition of this interesting work on philosophy and the supernatural. Richard Burthogge (1637/8–1705) was a physician and philosopher; after studying at Oxford and Leiden, he settled in his native Devon where he was a local magistrate and physician. His writings include theological and philosophical works.
        Dedicated to John Locke, "one of the Greatest Masters of Reason," this Essay sought "to reconcile the Experimental, or Mechanical, with the Scholastical Method." It comprises discussion of the nature of Reason and its Acts (apprehension and the use and meaning of words), the nature of Falsity and Enthusiasm (with mentions of Fludd and the Rosicrucians), the nature of questions, human knowledge, and the mind and senses. The second half of the book focuses on the nature of animals and spirits and on the nature of spirits, specters, and apparitions in relation to the human mind and senses, with examples including the conversion of an Indian Raja and a strange omen narrated by Sir Walter Raleigh.

ESTC R1885; Wing B6150. Modern dark brown quarter calf over marbled boards, spine with raised bands gilt-ruled above and below, burgundy leather author and title labels, and gilt devices in compartments; leaves in facsimile as noted above and lower outer corner of B7 torn away taking a few words on each side. First and last leaves with offsetting to edges from previous binding, severest at rear; title and first two gatherings a bit soiled, with other instances of that variably elsewhere, and first few leaves with old marginal waterstaining; edges dusty and a bit darkened throughout, with general age-toning. A copy that clearly had been through a good deal and has been priced accordingly, now neatly cased and ready for good use.  (39427)   Please RESHELVE This.

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