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Accademia della Crusca. Compendio del vocabolario degli accademici della Crusca. Firenze: Apresso Domenico Maria Manni, 1739. 4to (23 cm, 9.125"). 5 vols. I: x, 686 pp. II:  ff., 656 pp. III:  ff., 524 pp. IV:  f., 655, [1 (blank)] pp. V:  ff., 554 pp. $2,000.00
The website of the Accademia della Crusca explains that "[t]he origins of the Accademia della Crusca can be traced back to the decade 1570 to 1580, and to the meetings of a group of friends who called themselves the 'brigata dei crusconi' ('brigade of coarse bran'). The fun with food words soon resulted in the "establishing the use of the symbology related to flour and to the process of bread-making, and giving the Accademia the purpose of 'separating the flour (the good language) from the bran (the bad language)', following the language model first advocated by Bembo and then by Salviati himself, a model that was based on the supremacy of the Florentine vulgar tongue, modelled on the authors of the 14th Century." That is, the Academy dedicated itself in good Renaissance fashion to the study of the vernacular and to establishing — normatively and not prescriptively — what "good Italian" was. This involved selecting the best authors and combing their works for examples of usage. The result was the Academy's dictionary, which first appeared in print in 1612.
Offered here is a set of the first abridged edition of the fourth edition. In the fourth edition (1729–38) "the series of quoted authors was widened to include Sannazaro, Cellini, Menzini, Lorenzo Lippi and many others and the work of sorting was given more rigid rules. In particular, quotations taken from handwritten texts or from editions that were considered incorrect were checked over. This edition — like the previous ones — provoked endless debates and criticisms; with the intent of placating the stir caused, and also to satisfy the requests of the public, Manni himself abridged the Vocabulary in 1739" (Academy's website).
Volume V ends with "Autori citati nel Vocabolario degli accademici della Crusca" which is subdivided into "Autori o libri d'autori del buon secolo," "Autori moderni citati in difetto, o confermazione degli antichi," "Tavola delle abbreviature degli autori da' quali sono tratti gli esempi citati nel Vocabolario," and "Indice delle voci e locuzioni latine."
=> The work is handsomely printed and has woodcut title vignettes, initials, and head- and tail-pieces.
Provenance: Armorial bookplate of Théodore de Bauffremont-Courtenay; later in the library at Haverford College, deaccessioned 2017.
Vancil, p. 2. 18th-century tan calf, plain sides, spine gilt extra; gilt roll on turn-ins, marbled endpapers. All edges carmine. Ex–Haverford College library with bookplates and usual librarians' pencilled notes on versos of title-pages; lower panels of spines with either call number or that area abraded from its removal. Vol. I front joint cracked, rear one partially; vol. IV with waterstain in upper inner corners of all leaves into text, covers exhibiting same stain as darkening of leather. (38908) Please RESHELVE This.
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